Sri Lanka Journal of Neurology

Author Guidelines


The Sri Lanka Journal of Neurology is published half yearly (June and December) by the Association of Sri Lankan Neurologists. Material received for publication in the SLJN must not be submitted for publication elsewhere without the editors' permission (see below under Previous Publication and under Cover Letter).



The SLJN publishes original papers and commentaries which have relevance to Neurology and allied sciences.



Original work concerning the causes, mechanisms, diagnosis, management and prevention of disease belong in this category. So do articles on health systems research, health economics and management, and medical ethics. They should have less than 2000 words, 5 tables and illustrations, and 20 references.


Case reports/Brief reports

This category includes case reports of drug adverse effects, of a single event that could lead to a new piece of knowledge, preliminary reports of drug trials, new patient management methods, and reports of new techniques and devices. They should not exceed 1000 words, and contain more than 3 tables or illustrations, and more than 10 references.


Leading articles and Reviews

Leading articles are solicited by the editors, and are expert opinions on current topics or commentaries on other papers published in the SLJN. They do not usually exceed 1500 words or have more than 20 references. Tables and illustrations are usually not included in leading articles.


Perspectives and points of view

The SLJN also welcomes essays expressing opinions, presenting hypotheses, broaching controversial issues, clarifying recent advances in the basic sciences, and essays pertaining to medical education, history of medicine, biographical sketches, health politics and patients' rights in relation to neurosciences. They should not have more than 2000 words, 5 tables and illustrations, or 20 references.



The SLJN will also consider for publication letters (less than 400 words of text, 3 authors, and 5 references), obituaries (less than 400 words), and contributions to the picture-story series (not more than 250 words of text, 3 authors, 3 references and 2 clear black and white or colour photographs).


Submitting Manuscripts:

Cover letter

Manuscripts should be submitted with a letter stating (1) that the contents have not been published elsewhere; (2) that the paper is not being submitted elsewhere (or provide information on previous publication); and (3) that the authors agree to transfer copyright to the SLJN if the article is selected for publication. The letter should acknowledge any potential conflict of interest (see Ethical Responsibilities below) and call the editors' attention to any possible overlap with prior publications. The name, full mailing address, and telephone number of the author responsible for correspondence about the paper should also be included. E-mail addresses are mandatory.

Submit an original copy and 3 copies (photocopies are acceptable) of all parts of the manuscript, 3 original glossy prints of all figures. All submissions must be accompanied by an electronic copy of the manuscript and illustrations emailed to the editor.

The manuscript should be mailed, with adequate protection for figures, to Prof Saman Gunatilake, the Editor, SLJN, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda. SRI LANKA. Email:


Ethical Responsibilities:

Criteria for authorship

Only persons who contributed to the intellectual content of the paper should be listed as authors. Authors should meet all of the following criteria, and be able to take public responsibility for the content of the paper.

  1. Conceived and planned the work that led to the paper, or interpreted the evidence it presents, or both.

  2. Wrote the paper or reviewed successive versions, and took part in revising them.

  3. Approved the final version.

  4. Each author should have contributed sufficiently to the work to take public responsibility for the content.

Collecting and assembling data reported in a paper and performing routine investigations are not, by themselves, criteria for authorship.


Conflict of interest

Financial support for the work, including equipment and drugs, should be listed on the title page. Authors should describe in the cover letter any financial interests, direct or indirect, that might affect the conduct or reporting of the work they have submitted. Information about potential conflict of interest may be made available to referees and will be published with the manuscript, at the discretion of the editors.


Previous publication

In the cover letter give full details on any possible previous publication of any content of the paper. eg.

  1. Reworked data already reported.

  2. Patients in a study already described and published.

  3. Content already published or to be published in another format.

Previous publication of some content of a paper does not necessarily preclude it being published in the SLJN, but the editors need this information when deciding how to make efficient use of space in the journal, and regard failure of a full disclosure by authors of possible prior publication as a breach of scientific ethics.


Informed consent

The authors must ensure that informed consent forms have been obtained. Authors should state in the methods section, when appropriate, the ethical guidelines followed. If patients are recognisable in illustrations, signed consent by the patients (or guardians) must be submitted with the paper.


Selection for publication

All articles received will be acknowledged to the corresponding author. Each manuscript will be read by the members of the editorial board to decide whether it should be further reviewed. Those selected for review may be sent anonymously to referees.


Peer review

Referees are asked to treat papers as confidential communications and not to share their content with anyone except colleagues they have asked to assist them in reviewing, or not to use content for their own purposes. They are asked to declare any conflict of interest (such as personal ties to authors), and not to copy manuscripts.


Editorial board

All articles are submitted anonymously to the Editorial Board which meets regularly. Members of the board assess articles on the basis of importance of the research problem, scientific strength, clarity of presentation and appropriateness for readers of the SLJN.

Editors reserve the right to modify style, shorten articles, make editorial corrections where necessary, and to determine priority and time of publication.


Preparation of Manuscript

The SLJN will consider all manuscripts prepared in accordance with the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors [1]. A summary of these and the requirements of the SLJN are given below.


Manuscript typing

All parts of manuscript, including tables and figure legends, must be typed with double-spacing. References must also be double spaced. Manuscripts should be typed in capital and lower case letters, on white paper, 216 × 279 mm (8 × 11 in), or A4 (212 × 297 mm). Arrange components in the following order: title page, abstract, text, references, tables in numerical sequence, and figure legends. Begin each component on a separate page. Number all pages consecutively, starting with the title page.


Title page

The title page should contain the following:

  1. Main title, subtitle (if any) and a maximum of 5 index words (or phrases).

  2. Authors listed in the form and order in which they are to appear in the published article.

  3. Institutional affiliation for each author, in a footnote on the title page of the article. The institutions listed should reflect the affiliations of the authors at the time of the study, not their present affiliations, if they differ.

  4. Financial support information. Include the grant number, if any, and the granting agency. Other financial support, such as that for equipment and drugs, should also be listed.

  5. Name, address, e-mail and telephone number of author responsible for correspondence.

  6. The number of words in the manuscript, exclusive of the abstract, references, tables, figures, and figure legends.



Abstracts for articles are limited to 250 words; those for Brief Reports, to 150 words. Authors of original research articles are asked to submit a structured abstract organised into the following categories (where relevant):

  • Objective(s)

  • Design Setting

  • Patients Intervention (if any)

  • Measurements Results

  • Interpretation

Authors are asked to see papers in any recent issue of the British Medical Journal or Annals of Internal Medicine for guidance on structuring the abstract.


Headings in text

Use only three levels of headings in the text. Clearly indicate the levels of headings by using different typographic conventions (such as all capital letters or bold type) or by positioning (flush to margin, indented). Keep headings short (three or four words).



The British Medical Journal, Lancet and Annals of Internal Medicine are recommended to authors as guides to style, clarity of presentation and conciseness.



Use SI units throughout [2], except for systemic arterial blood pressure and haemoglobin content. Other units may be given in parentheses. Use only arabic numbers.


Name of drugs and instruments

Generic names must be used for all drugs. Include the proprietary name only if it is needed for a specific purpose. Instruments may be referred to by proprietary name, giving the name and location of the manufacturer in the text in parentheses.



Number references in the order in which they are first cited in the text. Use superscripted arabic numerals in the text.. Note that the SLJN requires the COMPLETE name of journal (and not its abbreviation), year, volume and first and last page numbers.

The reference list should not include unpublished material. Symposium papers may be cited from published proceedings; oral presentation of a paper at a meeting does not constitute publication. References to articles or books accepted for publication but not yet published must include the title of the journal (or name of the publisher) and the year of expected publication. Unpublished work (personal communication, papers in preparation) may be cited by inserting a reference within parentheses in the text; authors must submit a letter of permission from the cited persons to cite such communications.

Sample references below are in the style required by the SLJN.



List all authors when 4 or fewer; when 5 or more, list only the first 3 and add et al.


1. Standard article:

Bernstein H, Gold H. Sodium diphenylhydantoin in the treatment of recurrent arrhythmias. Journal of the American Medical Association 1965; 191: 695-9.


2. Corporate author:

The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone Marrow Transplantation Team. Failure of syngeneic bone marrow graft without preconditioning in posthepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977; 2: 242-4.


3. Special format:

Cahal DA. Methyldopa and haemolytic anaemia (Letter). Lancet 1975; 1: 201.



List all authors or editors when 4 or fewer; when 5 or more, list only the first 3 and add et al.


1. Author:

Eisen HN. Immunology: An introduction to molecular and Cellular Principles of the Immune Response. 5th ed. New York: Harper and Row,1974.


2. Editors:

Dausset J. Colombani J, eds. Histocompatibility Testing 1972. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1973.


3. Chapter in a book:

Hellstrom I, Helstrom KE. Lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxic reactions and blocking serum factors in tumor-bearing individuals. In: Brent L, Holbrow J, eds. Progress in immunology II. v. 5. New York: American Elsevier, 1974: 147-57.


Other citations in Reference List:

1. In press (must have journal title):

Dienstage JL. Experimental infection in chimpanzees with hepatitis A virus. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1975. In press.